The Constitutional Monarchy and the Parliamentary Democracy of The Kingdom of Terramar is a sovereign independent state located in Planet Kavak, in Selmantia Continent, all along the coast of Kamaratea Sea. It consists in two parts, the mainland, known as Terra (Earth) and the islands, Mar (Sea), which consists in a group of islands called Mantopai Islands, about 300 miles from the shore. Terramar is governed by King Miguel Alberto I, the 16th Monarch of the nation, that has been ruled by Sierra Family from the beginning of its existence, more than 400 years ago. His coronation was on December 24th, 2000, shortly after the abdication of the unpopular Juan Manoel II, for his erratic deeds and measures that brought the nation to a severe political and economical crisis, leading to the nearly overthrow of the monarchy.
General elections are held every 5 years for the seats of Prime Minister, the entire Parliament, Governors and Mayors. The Government of Terramar spends heavily in areas such as Health and Education, to keep the educational standars of the nation as one of the highest in the whole universe, and in fact, many universities in Terramar, such as the famous Universidad de la Bahia (University of the Bay) or the Real Universidad de Terramar (Royal University of Terramar), are very known for their excellent and high educational standards.
Safety has improved in recent years, making Terramar's cities some of the most safe in the world. Citizens of Terramar are allowed to practice any religious beliefs which they feel appropriate, Until 2010, Terramar's official and state religion was Catholicism, using the rite of the Church of Terramar. This happened due to the Act of Religious Emancipation, which opened the road to freedom of religion in the kingdom. In Terramar, learning is held to the highest of virtues and any citizen may take free classes to further their education.
Terramar is a Constitutional Monarchy and a Parliamentary Democracy, where the King is the Head of State and symbolizes the union of the nation and the people, but he is not limited to be a merely ceremonial figure, he is responsible for the foreign policy of Terramar and leads the diplomatic mission of the nation, assisted by the Minister of Foreign Affairs. However, he has some executive powers that are exercised and regulated through the Royal House. The Head of Government is the Prime Minister and leads the domestic policy and interacts with the King. Some political analists and journalists have described that as "unacceptable" and have criticized such as a sign of remnants of the infamous authoritatian practice of the kings in the past. In Terramar, the King is protected of any bad-intentioned criticism and insults thanks to the Lese Majeste Law, which protects the majesty of the sovereigns, which brought a lot of controversy at the time of its approval, and was regarded as a limit to freedom of speech. However, such criticism has been dismissed by government officials, who have stated that critics towards the King can be made, but as long as they are respectful and fair.
The nation is subdivided in Federal Provinces, which are 14 provinces plus a Royal District, where the capital city of Iraka is located. Until 2010, the capital city was known as Kari-Bari/Kari-Baru, but the name was changed to after a referendum about the renaming of the city that was held in September 4th, 2010 .Two of the provinces have complete autonomy, and are the Autonomous Federal Provinces of Mantopai Islands and Kasikiare. This last one belonged to the Republic of Sadjedi, and was known as the Southern Territory. This province was annexed to the Kingdom due to the participation of 7,000 soldiers, who joined the army of the Holy Empire and Sacred Realms of Shaduwenian, one of the most important allies of Terramar. After the war was finished, Shaduwenian gave Terramar the Southern Territory, which was renamed as Kasikiare and the capital city was renamed as Pradera del Almendral.
Recently Terramar joined the forces of other of its most important allies, the Planet of Yalora, with a group of 12,000 soldiers, in the war against the Civist Confederacy of The Mentaçti Union, who declared war on Yalora. After the war ended, Terramar was given three of the most important cities on the Mentaçti Union, which were called Neave Londres, Albion-En-Cartas and Sanma. Shortly after, the cities were given back to its rightful owner, now called as the Ristijavian People's Communist Republic of Feztobania, on the Treaty of Port Vila, signed by Shaduwenian, Yalora, Clan Gordon and Terramar, in exchange for a small coastal territory, which was named Malagar, having Puerto Alhafra as the capital city. Such negotiations were held in order to stop an inminent attack from Federated Korneria, which was an ally of Feztobania.
In 1598, the area known today as Terramar, was nothing than a group of small republics, kingdoms, duchies and city-states, that were at war with each other all time, their names were the same as the actual Federal Provinces of Terramar, but the County of Sierralta was the most important and the most respected, and no one of those states dared to attack it. Many unification attemps failed, since there was no union and no strong ruler to reorganize the devastated states. The Count of Sierralta, Emeterio-Amerto de Sierra, thought different, and was determined to end such wars all of once and once for all.
On August 29th, 1598, Sierralta's Army invaded the neighboring Principality of Turomoro, and after bloodstained battles and huge losses, the Army entered Turomoro's capital city, Aronna, on September 16th of that year. The Prince of Turomoro, Amirkar Athuru, suicided himself before Emeterio-Amerto entered the Royal Palace to request Athuru's surrender. Aronna's wineries were forced to supply their precious wine to Sierralta, and a rebellion followed, but it didn't last too long, it was known as the Revolt of the Wine.
Shortly after Turomoro's annexion to Sierralta, the other states send emissaries to seek peace with Emeterio-Amerto, but he refused and sent them back, insisting that "the birth of an new and unified nation was near". Such answer outraged the rulers of the other states, and prepared again to a war against Sierralta. Then his attention turned to the Republic of Bureya, a considerable military powerhouse, and its capital, Kibayu, was known everywhere for the production of weapons and the Gañote Swords, which were regarded as the deadliest swords the world had ever seen. But that didn't drag Emeterio-Amerto's desires, and after many battles and difficulties, Kibayu surrendered on January 15th, 1599. Mahrtun Osmando, Buria's ruler, was exiled to a very far away land, since he wasn't desired by Kibayu's population for his despotic rule, and Emeterio-Amerto was seen as a hero and a liberator.
Meanwhile, the Chiefdom of Netaurda was at war with the Mantopai Tribe, that lived on the homonimous islands, located at 300 miles from Sierralta's coasts, and almost succeeded in conquering them, after the ransacking of the ancestral and spiritual capital of the Mantopai, the city of Kavanayen. Emeterio-Amerto saw that as an opportunity to persuade the Mantopai to join the new nation, and traveled to Mantopai Islands to meet personally with Gwaikaypwru, the Mantopai Chief. For three days talks between Sierralta and the Mantopai were held, and Gwaikaypwru accepted to join Sierralta in exchange for helping them to defeat Netaurda's forces, but with a condition that has been respected by all the kings that Terramar has had until today: "Complete respect for our way of life and traditions".
Wareki Harmini, Netaurda's Chief, attacked again Mantopai Islands, but found himself a surprise: Sierralta's forces were defending the Mantopai, and the 10 ships of the Navy were around the island, and the combined Mantopai and Sierralta's forces, crushed easily Netaurda's soldiers, and Harmini was captured and shortly executed for crimes agains the Mantopai People. The execution of Harmini inflicted a severe blow to Netaurda's Army, and it was just a matter of time the fall of the Chiefdom. Sierralta's troops entered Sique Sique, Netaurda's capital city, on April 27th, 1599. Netaurda was annexed to Sierralta immediately.
A short-lived peace of two years followed, and now there were only two states to be conquered: The Duchy of Venalia and the Republic of Repano. The first one was completely eroded and weakened due to internal tensions, since the rule of Venalia's Duke, Tarciso Urta, was completely unpopular, and the majority of the nation's army stopped supporting him. In June 1601, shortly before Sierralta's troops would depart to conquer Venalia, Tarciso Urta was overthrown by his most respected general, Cornelio Jortui. Shortly after, he formed a new government, but surprisingly, marched towards the ancient border with Turomoro, to announce the annexion to Sierralta, which met mixed opinions in Venalia, but with the time they accepted Terramar's rule.
The Republic of Repano was the last state to be conquered, and on July 31st, 1602, Sierralta and the other provinces declared war, Repano's response was quick, a considerable number of troops was sent to the border, but were defeated by Sierralta, with a lot of difficulty. Repano's capital, Samaniego, was located behind the cold Peñaskal Mountains, and Emeterio-Amerto had to cross them if he wanted to conquer Repano. While crossing Peñaskal Mountains, Sierralta's army was ambushed, and their defeat seemed inevitable, but Emeterio-Amerto didn't surrender, and shouted to his men something that would never be forgotten:
"My brave warriors! We will not step back! No ruler may crush our desires! The Ruler of Repano will be destroyed! He shall face the most humiliating defeat! No republic or state shall obstruct the path of the Kingdom of Terramar!"
And that's where the name of the nation was said for the first time. Sierralta's Army defeated the forces of Repano, and dragged them back to the end of the Peñaskal Mountains, near Samaniego. The siege of Samaniego was a difficult task, since the inhabitants didn't accept the idea that they would become a part of a Kingdom, and many of them did all the efforts to defend the remnants of the Republic. Samdonu Inboke, Repano's Ruler, called all the inhabitants to the resistance agains the forces of Terramar, but his calls were useless, since Emeterio-Amerto entered the Ruler's Residence easily. Samdonu Inboke fought against Emeterio-Amerto in a bloody duel, since he said that he would be rather to be dead than seeing his Republic to become part of Terramar. When Inboke was stripped from his weapons and completely cornered, ready to be captured, he took his dagger and plunged it into his throat.
On October 29th, 1602, many centuries of meaningless wars ended with the unification of the new Kingdom of Terramar, and shortly after, Emeterio-Amerto returned victoriously to the Town of the Bay, which was declared as the capital city of Terramar. His coronation took place on December 24th, 1602. After his coronation, he dedicated himself to reorganize the nascent kingdom, completely devastated by war, and to dim the internal tensions, because many neighboring nations were trying to take advantage of the situation, but his efforts failed, and his health was in a poor condition after the wars ended, an on April 22, 1605, he died on his bedroom while sleeping. The news of his death spread throughout the Kingdom, and many wondered if that would mean again a division. But it wasn't like that, his oldest son, Marinu Antonio, was crowned shortly after, and decided to carry on with the policies of his father to make Terramar a powerful and respected nation.
Marinu Antonio I was crowned King of Terramar on May 2nd, 1605, and shortly after that, he dedicated himself to organize the raided new nation, at the time of his coronation, there were no decent roads in Terramar, just unreliable paths that many times led travelers to get lost, and some times, to get robbed on the way, since all that was located outside the cities' walls, was completely lawless, and farmers had to protect their farms on their own, as well as the merchants. That was the main reason why products from other provinces were completely rare and expensive, making them a luxury that only the wealthest could afford.
Terramar was an Absolute Monarchy, but Marinu Antonio created a sort of Parliament that was called "National Council", presided by him, and nominated advisors from all the provinces of the nation, assigning them specific areas, such as commerce, defense, education, and both internal and foreign relations, and people had a voice in this council. Advisors of commerce and internal relations told him that the first step to promote integration inside the country, was to promote commerce between the provinces, and in order to do that, good roads had to be built throughout Terramar, as well as creating a permanent patrol on them, to stop robberies to farmers and merchants.
The first road in Terramar was known as Ruta del Vino (Route of the Wine), which communicated the Town of the Bay and Aronna, making it as well the first road that communicated two provinces, his construction lasted 8 months, and soon commerce between the provinces of Turomoro and Sierralta flourished, and buying Aronna Valley's Wine or seafood became an easy thing, since then, that wine has became a staple drink on every table in Terramar. Such construction brought a lot of prosperity to the two cities, but other major roads needed to be built, since the news of the construction of the Ruta del Vino reached the rest of the cities in Terramar. The second major road that was built was Camino de Yaramu (Yaramu Road), which communicated Kibayu with Aronna and El Cerrito, and later a detour that leaded to the Town of the Bay was constructed, since Kibayu was the military city, and many soldiers needed to be deployed there.
Despite Marinu Antonio wasn't able to finish the construction of a major network of roads throughout all Terramar, he created the National Postal Service, which at the time, was one of the most advanced postal services in the world, and could reach far away lands such as China. He also promoted the necessity of that every province had to specialize in something, Sierralta on ship construction and fishing, Turomoro in the wine production, Bureya on military, and Venalia on textile production. He also founded the first university of the nation, the University of the Bay. Unfortunately, many of the flaws of his reign were that health services were completely poor, and many diseases and pestilence spread throughout Terramar, since the unification brought outer illnesses that many provinces didn't had. And some of the provinces of the kingdom, such as Netaurda, Repano and the Mantopai Islands, felt that they were completely forgotten and excluded, and despite the construction of major roads, Sierralta Province still was the most advanced and prosperous of the nation. And he couldn't find any support on the population of the Province of Repano, since many were still loyal to the deceased Samdonu Inboke, but specially to his descendants, that later became a problem that all the Kings of Terramar had to deal with.
Marinu Antonio died on June 16th, 1642. These were sad news, and many thought that he couldn't live longer to continue the integration and development of Terramar. He didn't had any children, and instead, his nephew Leocadio I, was crowned King on June 25th of the same year. He dedicated himself to tackle the controversial and unresolved Language Question, which was many times a dodgy subject on the National Council of Terramar.
At the time, Spanish was declared the official language of Terramar, but such language became just something spoken only by the elite and upper classes of Sierralta and the other provinces, while the majority of the population spoke their own local dialects, and with the time, such dialects were completely uninteligible, and language difficulties were a daily problem in Terramar. Josef Ermenegildo called the most important language experts and scholars of the Kingdom, and commissioned them to end up the language difficulties, by creating a national language. One of such experts, Lord Landolf Mourente-Ormat, proposed that Spanish had to be mixed with the dialects, in order to create the Terramarian language. Such idea at first created a lot of controversy, but with the time, it was accepted, and the first book written in Terramarian was shortly published, and it was called "A Manoal de Lingoa Terramaresa" (The Manual of Terramarian Language). Many expected that the population would be completely reluctant to learn Terramarian, but they were surprised that in a few years, all Terramar could spoke a national language, the book was a complete success. Landolf Mourente-Ormat, was awarded the ribbon of the Order of Terramarian Scientists and Scholars, being the first person in the Kingdom to recieve such honor.
King Leocadio reminded all the population that Spanish still was an official language of the Kingdom, and they had to learn it, since Spanish still was the most important language spoken in all the schools and universities of Terramar, and it was the language that people from other nations used to communicate with Terramarians. Education had special priority, many schools were built throughout Terramar, and education was made compulsory until the age of 14, such policy increased the literacy rate, from 24% at the beginning of his reign to 69%. He also created other important Universities, to attend the increasing demand, and because many people couldn't travel to the Town of the Bay, and the University of Turomoro, the Military University of Kibayu, the University of Netaurda, and the University of Samaniego were created. He also brought to his court many important scientists and scholars to expose technological advances that would be useful to the Kingdom, the Army's equipment was updated and gunpowder and sabres replaced slowly Gañote Swords. He also counted with Turkish military advisors, which brought technological advances such as the cannons, to replace catapults.
He died on March 11th, 1705. His son Juan Manoel I succeded him, being crowned shortly on March 23th. Juan Manoel I was another visionary, but such ideas created tensions with the Vatican, that considered that the Church of Terramar wasn't complying with the Inquisition duties, and that heresy and devilry was consuming Terramar. Urriel Gortaro, the Patriarch of the Church of Terramar, said that technological advances were not devilry, since the Kings were concerned about making Terramar an advanced and respected nation, but the Vatican considered such claims as a disrespect of their authority. Terramar's official religion was Catholicism, but the rite was different, since the priests were allowed to marry women, and women's participation on the Church was increased, since they could become priestesses and celebrate masses. In Terramar, a Bible could be readed and purchased by everyone, and it was translated to Spanish and Terramarian, which also angered the Vatican, since according to them, the Bible could be read only by a priest, and it had to be written only in Latin.
But the Church of Terramar didn't comply with the Vatican and the Inquisition, and on 1710, the Vatican expelled all the representants of the Church of Terramar, and excommunicated King Juan Manoel I and all the citizens of Terramar. The Patriarch stated that the expulsion of the Church of Terramar meant that the Vatican didn't accept any religious plurality, and that Terramar would continue being a Catholic nation, but with different rites. Juan Manoel I though that the Kingdom had been growing, and such growth meant that the size of the Government had to be increased, and dissolved the National Council, being replaced by the Parliament, which was located on Palacio Marokara (Marokara Palace) on the Town of the Bay. He also modernized Villa Araguaney, the Royal Palace, since it was getting old and it needed to be updated. He continued to build roads throughout Terramar, and reached something that his predecessors couldn't do, communicating Samaniego with the rest of the Kingdom, he built a permanent road on Peñaskal Mountains, and travels to Samaniego were now an easy thing, it just took 2 hours to cross the mountains.
Juan Manoel I focused to create a strong Army, military service was made compulsory at the age of 18, and constructed more shipyards on the Town of the Bay to create a powerful navy to defend Terramar's coasts, and such navy was so powerful that it was compared to the fleets of France, England and Spain. But despite all Terramar was completely satisfied with the rule of the Sierra Family, Repano Province wanted to become indepentent, the descendants of Samdonu Inboke were still loitering, and one of them, Ingnatio Inboke, had the sympathy of Samaniego and Repano. On February 12th, 1715, he led the overthrown of the Governor of Repano Province, assaulted the Palace, and cornered the generals and troops that were loyal to the Monarchy, and executed them publically along with the Governor. His heads were sent to the Town of the Bay, and were left at the gates of Villa Araguaney Royal Palace. Juan Manoel I declared Ingnatio Inboke as a traitor to the nation and the monarchy, and that action would be taken immediately.
Meanwhile, Inboke declared the independence from Terramar, and the Republic of Repano was proclaimed again, and all the inhabitants supported him, and all the signs of the Terramarian monarchy were destroyed and burned. Juan Manoel I ordered the deployment of troops to retake Samaniego, but when they arrived to the start of the trail of Peñaskal Mountains to cross them, Ingnatio Inboke blowed up the road, making it unpassable, that was because the huge weapons caches that were hidden in Samaniego fell in the rebels' power, and inside them there were tons of explosive powder, used on the cannons of the Army. But that was Inboke's deadliest mistake, since the road of Peñaskal Mountains was the only supply route to Samaniego, and shortly, supplies of food and goods started to decrease. Meanwhile, Juan Manoel's forces were obliged to cross Peñaskal Mountains on the trail that Emeterio-Amerto crossed 113 years ago, risking to lose cannons and horses on the endless abysses that were found on the road.
Juan Manoel's forces crossed the trail with difficulties, but no losses were reported, and meanwhile, valuable supplies like meat and bread had disappeared on Samaniego, and all the inhabitants starved of hunger, and the fields were covered in snow since it was winter, and it was impossible to get water from the mountains since all the roads were blocked. That led some inhabitants to desperation and death, and quickly, the faith in Ingnatio Inboke started to wane. On the night of March 8th, the Army of Terramar entered Samaniego again, but this time, no resistance was found, since all the population was weak and starving from hunger. Instead, they supported them, and the Palace was assaulted, but the henchmen of Inboke fought hard, until their surrender. Inboke tried to escape, but it was captured and brought to the Town of the Bay, and executed personally by Juan Manoel I. Such episode stopped all the republicanist ideals in Repano for a long time, until our times. The road on Peñaskal Mountains was rebuilt, and more soldiers were sent there to protect Samaniego.
Juan Manoel I felt that it was time to make some scientific advances in the nation, and commisioned the Royal Botanical and Biological Expedition, to study all the vegetal and animal species that were found in Terramar. A book about the Expedition was published, being called "A Espidixion Rial en Terramare: Espicias Byologykas y Bhotanycas" (An Expedition in Terramar, Biological and Botanical Species). Terramar was growing quickly, and a need for other important harbor grew, and in that time, other coastal cities were built, such as Port Terramar and Port Gwiruk. This last one was wiped out many years later from the face of the earth, due to enemy attacks and weather inclemences. The Parliament, at the time of its creation, only had 30 members, but it was later extended to 75 in order to achieve an equal representation of all the nation. Juan Manoel I died on September 30th, 1778.
Many historians wrote that in these three reigns, Terramar made many advances, and the three kings that ruled, were visionaries, and they called them the "Three Illuminated Kings".
On 1780, Terramar was a very advanced nation, although there was no freedom of speech, and the Absolutism of the Kings was still a powerful force, the inhabitants enjoyed a high standard of living, there were no illnesses, no hunger, and the literacy rate was very high for the time, compared with other countries. The army was also very powerful, if a revolt started anywhere in the Kingdom, it was just a matter of time for the army to restore control, and they were very feared by the enemies of the King. Leocadio II, succeeded Juan Manoel I. But he ruled with an oppressive and tyrannical fist that his predeccesors didn't had. Any opposition to the Monarchy was reprimanded with bloodshed.
Meanwhile, some neighboring nations, saw Terramar as a menace that had to be eliminated and conquered as soon as possible, such as the Orwerun Empire, which was located northwest of Terramar, about 500 miles from Mantopai Islands. They were a strong ally of Wareki Harmini, the Chief of Netaurda, which was a vassal state of Orwerun's, but his later execution outraged them, as well as the voluntary annexion of Mantopai Islands to Terramar. The Emperors of Orwerun, didn't took action for many years, since they feared the power of the Army of Terramar, and the Navy, which was unmatched. But Soryitcha Kothemy the Benevolent, the Emperor of Orwerun, thought different.
He was determined to capture all Mantopai Islands, but with extreme care, because the Navy of Terramar was one of the most strongest in the world, and Orwerun's Navy had a few ships that could not match Terramar's. Instead, he sent light ships disguised as trade vessels, some of them were bomb ships and others were loaded with men and weapons. On the evening of May 26th, 1784, the convoy departed from Morylua harbor, reaching Mantopai Islands the day after. They approached Northern Mantopai, where two vessels of the Navy of Terramar, the Ruzinante and Vigorozo were patrolling. Without notice, the bomb ships disguised as trade cogs exploded next to the two huge ships, which sunk quickly, killing almost every men onboard, and the survivors captured.
Northern Mantopai was occupied shortly, and all the inhabitants turned into slaves to work for the stationing troops, and the majority of the small colony of Terramarian inmigrants was executed at random. Their bodies were sent in a small boat to Puerto Gwiruk, with a small message to the King, which for mysterious reasons, was never revealed publically. Shortly after the occupation of Northern Mantopai, the same happened with Central and Southern Mantopai, the Navy of Terramar was unable to stop raids from Orwerun, and ships from the Town of the Bay which carried supplies, were destroyed or seized. Mantopai Islands were completely occupied. Unlike his predeccessors, that would react immediately to recapture Mantopai Islands, King Leocadio II didn't pay too much attention to the matter. His advisors told him to take action, but he didn't listen.
Merchants and sailors were angered at the indifferent behavior of the King, and leaded protests on the Town of the Bay, Puerto Terramar and Puerto Gwiruk, but the right to protest was out of the question in his reign, and sent the Armed Forces to reprimand with excessive force the protests, and many participants were killed or captured and later executed. Meanwhile, Soryitcha Kothemy was extremely pleased about the capture of Mantopai Islands, and 15 days of feasts were held in Morylua. But his ambitions didn't stop at Mantopai Islands, he thought that if he could capture them easily, capturing the Town of the Bay and all the coast of Terramar would be an easy task. He had in his favor the fact that he captured many Terramarian was vessels.
Such actions weren't enough to make King Leocadio II react against the invaders, until when a small ship carrying some of the most valuable treasures of the Royal Palace, was sunk down by the Orwerun, in the waters between Puerto Gwiruk and the Town of the Bay. That was a sign that the enemies were advancing slowly through the shoreline of the kingdom, headed to the Grand Harbor. The loss of the treasures infuriated the king, and he gave the long-awaited order by the Royal Navy and his closest advisors: To destroy any enemy war vessel in the shoreline,recapture the ships that were seized by Soryitcha Kothemy's forces, and the most important of all: the liberation of Mantopai Islands. 40 ships left the Grand Harbor in June 29th, 1784. The two navies struggled in various battles through the terramarian coasts, the most notorious one known as the Port Gwiruk Battle, where the omonimous city was severily damaged, but the Orwerun were defeated quickly.
The shoreline was free from the Orwerun ships, that impeded all kind of trade between the coastal cities and were about to disembark in Port Gwiruk. Soryitcha Kothemy was totally angered at the victories of the Terramarian Royal Navy, that once more, showed its power, and dismissed his most trusted admiral from the command of the war, taking himself the post. Nonetheless, that didn't stop the Terramarian Navy to gain more battles and advancing to Mantopai Islands. The islands were liberated with no problems, since the Armed Forces prevailed in combat, along with the warriors of the Mantopai Tribe, defeated the Orwerun warriors easily, and some fled the islands after being unable to continue battling. The Terramarian Armed Forces advanced towards Kavanayen, the ancient capital city of the islands, but the Mantopai Tribe Chief, Mucuche Siquibara, intervened and urged the two armies to battle outside the city, to preserve the treasures and ancient buildings that were sacred to the tribe.
A bloodstained battle took place in the outskirts of the city, in the middle of the dense jungle, which led to the defeat of the Orwerun, whose heavy war equipment and armors didn't allow them to move swiftly through the jungle, which allowed the Terramarian and the Mantopai to ambush them and die in a rain of arrows and bullets. Soryitcha Kothemy surrendered and demanded to see King Leocadio II, but this last one, who only sent the Army and the Navy to recapture the islands, didn't show any act of presence during the entire war. The General of the Armed Forces of Terramar, Waldemar Fragarada, accepted Kothemy's surrender, and he gave back Mantopai Islands to its rightful owner, the Kingdom of Terramar. Peace was signed in August 4th, 1784. The Orwerun Empire never attempted to attack Terramar again. The Royal Navy and the Armed Forces returned to the Town of the Bay, where they were recieved and praised by the population as the heroes of the nation.
General Fragarada was escorted in a massive march to the Royal Palace, where the King, according to tradition, has to elevate the family of a victorious general to the status of Noble House of the Kingdom, but when they approached the gates of Villa Araguaney, the Royal Guard of Honor stopped them and said that the King was not expecting anyone, and that the honor wouldn't be given to General Fragarada, since the victory against the Orwerun happened thanks to the King and not General Fragarada's work. This decision outraged the people, and slowly but steady, a national sentiment of resentment grew against King Leocadio II, who continued to rule with an iron fist and ignored everyone around him. Waldemar Fragarada, the hero of the war against the Orwerun, escaped Terramar because his most loyal men in the army warned him about an order to capture him dead or alive, "for defying king's authority".
But anger in the army and the population was growing, since they considered Waldemar Fragarada as the hero of the war, and in the streets of most cities of Terramar, some people dared to shout a phrase that became the slogan of those who opposed the king's rule: "Down with the Tyrant of Sierralta! Long Live King Waldemar I!". The King, accused Fragarada of destabilizing the nation and attempting against the Royal Family, and told that if he dared to enter Terramar again, he would be hunted until death. On the night of December 7th 1791, a group of 1000 musketeers and 230 cannoneers revolted in Kibayu, and called the population of the city to revolt against the King, many joined the rebels and stormed Palacio de los Espuelazos, which was the residence of the mayor of the city and the city hall at the same time. The mayor, Juliernanio Polelia, was taken out from his bed in the middle of the night and was dragged into the wall that separates the inner gardens from the council hall of the palace, and shot.
Kibayu and all the other cities of the Bureya Province were under control of the rebels, who proclaimed the Kingdom of Bureya, and nominated Waldemar Fragarada as King Waldemar I. But Waldemar Fragarada could not return from his exile since it was too dangerous to come back at the time. There were various attemps of rebellion in the other main cities of Terramar, and once again, Samaniego revolted against the king's rule, but there wasn't a consensus between the rebels, since some of them wanted to join Bureya and support Waldemar Fragarada, but the majority of them wanted to pursue their long awaited dream to become an independent republic, and such divisions led to the failure of the rebellion in Samaniego and the Repano Province, where the Army of Terramar restored order quickly.
Eventually, the Army of Terramar recaptured Kibayu and the Bureya Province, and all those that participated in the rebellion, were executed in the main square of the city, while others managed to escape to meet with Waldemar Fragarada. They planned a new rebellion that would take place in every city of Terramar at the same time to outnumber the armed forces members that were loyal to King Leocadio II.
Political Division and DemographicsEdit
Terramar is divided in Federal Provinces, each one with a capital city and some autonomy, since the Provinces have their own constitution and law codes, and can take important decisions on their own, but some issues often need to be reviewed in the capital city of the nation, Iraka. The Federal Provinces of Terramar are the following ones:
The Royal District: Iraka
Sierralta: Ciudad de la Bahia
Netaurda: Sique Sique
Venalia: El Cerrito
Autonomous Federal Province of the Mantopai Islands: Kavanayen
Autonomous Federal Province of Kasikiare: Pradera del Almendral
Special Administrative Province of Malagar: Puerto Alhafra
Esperantia de Terramar Federal Province: Guaremal Crest
The largest immigrant groups in Terramar are people coming from Feztobania and Sadjedi. Many of them lived in the territories that Terramar gained in the wars against them, while others emigrated to escape from the bad living conditions in their nations, while other inmigrants come from nations of the Covenant of Royal Blood. Feztobanians and Sadjedians have slowly started to adapt to the Terramarian way of life.
Iraka is the capital city of Terramar, it is a modern city with excellent infrastructure, an efficient massive transport system, high safety, which is the reason why crime rarely occurs, peaceful neighborhoods and it hosts all the government branches. It was founded on 1971, in a deserted plain located between Sierralta and Turomoro Province. The Parliament is located there, as well as the Royal Palace, that recently underwent massive restoration and ampliation works, since it was getting too old. The Royal University of Terramar is also at Iraka, in a huge area, with lakes and natural forests, due to its proximity to Cerro Sarroche National Park, one of the most important natural reserves of the nation. But although the Royal Family lives in the city, and all the government dependencies and the Parliament are located within Iraka, it is not the most important and neither the biggest city in the nation, due to its recent foundation.
The biggest and the most important city of Terramar is the Town of the Bay, Ciudad de la Bahia (Spanish), Ciudá e’ Bahea (Terramarian),' which was for 250 years the capital of the nation, before Iraka was founded. The city has been regarded as the Economical and Industrial Capital of Terramar, since many international companies have established their offices there, most of the exports and imports enter and exit through the Grand Harbor, the largest port of Terramar, and it is a part of the city where the shipyards and all the cargo ships are located. A huge industrial estate is located on the outskirts of the city, and the Town of the Bay hosts 20 shopping malls, as well as a district called the "Zona Rosa", a full-loaded area with shops and entertainment venues, which attracts many tourists every year. The Paseo del Muelle (Promenade Walk of the Dock), is also famous, since it is located all along the waterfront of the city and visitors can taste excellent seafood. On the northeast of the city, the exclusive and luxurious neighborhood of Katuai Hills, is located, many of the wealthiest people of Terramar have built their homes there, and the Villa del Araguaney, which is the summer house of the Royal Family of Terramar, is also in the neighborhood. Most inhabitants of the city call it as the "true royal palace". In the city is also located the world-famous University of the Bay, which hosts the best schools of law, medicine and political science of the entire nation.
Aronna (Aryonna) is the third largest city of the nation, but it is not as modern as Kari-Bari and the Town of the Bay, despite that, many people in Terramar like Aronna for its tranquility and quiet athmosphere, far from the stress of the larger cities. A major tourist attraction of Aronna is the Old Town, which was the original city, before the conquest in 1598. But the major attractive of Aronna is the famous wine of the type Aronnum Severgnon, popularly known as "Aronna Valley's Wine" due to the valley located around the city, and it is a very appreciated wine for its particular taste. It competes with other famous alcoholic beverages of the world. The local cuisine is also a major attraction of the city.
Other of the most important cities of Terramar is Kibayu, known as "The Military City", due to the presence of all the Army's dependencies, such as the Infantry Division, the Cavalry Division and the Royal Air Force, located within the city. There's also a very important branch of the Ministry of Defense, much bigger than the one at Kari-Bari. Kibayu is famous not only for his military history, the blacksmiths and the iron meltings are famous there, since for centuries they have produced the deadly Gañote Swords, which are no longer used by the army in combat, but they are still used in the Guaramachan Fencing Tournament, which is held every year in the city, and it is a dangerous game, since many contestants often end deadly wounded. Outside the city the Kibayu Militar Industrial Estate can be found, and it is a huge area where the weapons produced for the army are made.
The city of Samaniego is quite different from the rest of Terramar, it is located down the Peñaskal Mountains, and it has a climate consisting in two seasons, winter and summer, unlike the rest of the nation, that has an equatorial climate. Monarchy has not beem popular in Repano, since the city is the main bastion of the Republican Party of Terramar, as well as the majority of the deputies of the Local Parliament and all the elected Governors in Repano have been from the said political party. Samaniego is one of the most important cities in Terramar, the butchery products and the cheeses of the city are known as the best in the country, and the city also hosts a lot of tourists in winter who practice skiing on the Peñaskal Mountains.
Other important but lesser cities in the nation are Sique Sique, El Cerrito, Humocaro and Puerto Itlurxo, more known as Itlurxo, which was founded recently, along with the creation of Mare-Mare province, during the first days of the reign of King Miguel I. Itlurxo is a project of a second grand harbor for the nation, it was supposed to start in the 1960's but the corrupted goverments of the time and the unstability of the nation didn't allow the start of the construction of the city. Although it is far behind the importance of Ciudad de la Bahia, the city is growing quickly, and it is becoming one of the most important cities of the nation.
Pradera del Almendral is the capital of the Autonomous Federal Province of Kasikiare, that was called the Southern Territory of the Republic of Sadjedi, recently it was annexed to Terramar for the participation in the war between Shaduwenian and Sadjedi. It's a different city, since the Sadjedian influence is still visible, and the inhabitants are slowly adapting themselves to their new nation, since many of them have been reluctant to learn Spanish or Terramarian. Many of them accepted to join Terramar if they were granted more autonomy and their traditions and way of life to be completely respected.
Culture and ReligionEdit
The official languages of Terramar are Spanish and Terramarian, which is a dialect of Spanish, but it has taken many words from all the dialects spoken throughout the country, but mostly from the coastal dialects. Terramarian language was created during the reign of Leocadio I, who commisioned the most respected language experts to create a mother tongue that would unite all the inhabitants of Terramar, since many of them regarded Spanish, the official language of Sierralta Province, as an imposition, and were completely reluctant to learn it. According to a recent survey, about 87% of the citizens prefer to speak Terramarian as their daily language, while a 13% prefers to speak Spanish. Although Terramarian language is the most spoken of the two official languages, Spanish is spoken perfectly by all the population, to keep up the efforts to prevent the loss of such language. The Goverment uses the two languages in an equal proportion during the official acts. Terramarian youths at school or at university, are encouraged to learn a third language, and such policy has brought excellent results, since most of the youths that are at the age of 20, speak perfectly three languages. The most popular choices are English, French and German.
Christianity is the most important religion in Terramar, Catholicism is the most followed, but it is celebrated with the rite of the Church of Terramar. The Church of Terramar has been criticized by many religious organizations throughout the world for his liberal slant on Catholicism, since priests are allowed to marry women, and women can freely celebrate a mass and can be priestesses. Such practices have generated polemic in the Vatican, that has banned bishops and archbishops of Terramar to hold a representation there. However, abortion is still banned, but divorce is allowed. 82% of the population is Catholic, but a 12% is Protestant, and the remaining follows other religions. In 2010, the Religious Emancipation Act was issued, and many people who followed other cults and religions, now are able to do so without any restrictions, but with a simple condition must be respected: every cult is allowed as long as it doesn't affect or go against the morals and the way of life of the nation. Terramar is a secular state. The leader of the Church of Terramar is the Patriarch Dominko Germara, one of the most respected persons in the country after the King.
Public Holidays in Terramar are the following ones:
December 24th: King's Coronation Day
December 25th: Christmas Day
December 31st: Entering to The Covenant of Royal Blood
January 1st: New Year's Day
February 16th: Victory Against Sadjedi
March 10th: Parents' Day
May 1st: Workers' Day
June 22nd: King's Birthday
August 29th: Conquest Commemoration
October 29th: Unification of Terramar
December 17th: Queen's Birthday
Terramar gives top priority to education, and considers it as one of the most important pillars where a nation should be founded. Education is completely free and the majority of schools are state-run, though there are many private schools that are completely ancient, and where the elite's children of the nation often study, such as the famous Colegio del Roble, located on Aronna. Other famous schools are the San Ignacio School at Kari-Bari, which is state-run, and La Virginia School, in the Town of the Bay. Education begins when children become 3 year old, and since there, they are encouraged to learn a third language. Mathematics and science are the most important subjects, with a great emphasis, to make Terramar's youth completely competitive. History is also very important, youths are taught to know the history of Terramar in order to have a national sentiment of belonging. Education in Terramar is compulsory until the age of 16. Basic education goes from the age of 3 to the age of 13.
When youths reach the age of 14, they enter the Diversified Cycle, where they can choose an area to focus, choices are Humanities, Science, Languages, Arts and Social Sciences, until the age of 18. Then, a Test of Accademical Aptitude is required in order to enter University, those who score high are admitted automatically on any of the three choices of career that they have made, but some Universities require also an internal test.
Terramar has a wide selection of Universities, the most famous are the University of the Bay, located in the Town of the Bay, but has also national presence in some cities. It was the first University of the kingdom, and many personalities such as the King have graduated there. The degrees of Law, Medicine, Political Science and Philosophy have been acclaimed everywhere for their high academical quality, as well as the wide choices of Doctorates. It is located within the historical center of the Town, in a 100-acre area, with a huge parking lot, student's residences, a hospital of the School of Medicine, El Donemeral Park, monuments, food courts, a 7-floor library and amphitheatres and auditoriums. Despite having such infrastructure, the money that the state allocates to it, is spent mostly on academical research than infrastructure.
The Royal University of Terramar, located in the capital city of Kari-Bari is also very known, it is privately-run, and the majority of its students often come from wealthy families, although there is a considerable number of students with scholarships. It is smaller than the University of the Bay, but has a good amount of auditoriums, a library and other facilities. It is located near the Cerro Sarroche National Park, which is a natural reserve of the nation, and many students often go there after class to rest and relax. A forest of pinewood trees separates the Royal University of Terramar from the gardens of the Royal Palace, since some of them are open to the public.
Another important University in Terramar is the University of Turomoro, located within the city of Aronna, it was founded during the reign of Leocadio I, and it is well known since the degree of winery industrial engineering is offered, as well as many agricultural subjects. The Military University of Kibayu is known for the quality military careers, and due to the alliances of Terramar, many foreign experts have been coming there to give military assistance and cooperation. Other important Universities are the University of Samaniego and the University of Netaurda. These two are known for their excellent academical quality, and the first one competes with the University of the Bay on the field of Political Science.
Government and PoliticsEdit
Terramar is a Constitutional Monarchy and a Parliamentary Democracy, and unlike other monarchies where the King as Head of State is merely an image, in Terramar, the King is responsible for the foreign policy, has some executive powers, leads the diplomatic mission of the Kingdom and it is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. He also is the Royal House Master. The Royal House is a council integrated by representatives of all the Noble Houses of Terramar, 30 representatives of the Federal Provinces and the Prime Minister, who leads the domestic policy, and it is elected in free elections that are held every five years. Its duties are to exercise and regulate the executive powers of the King, such as the final approval of laws that have been approved by the Parliament, and the cases where he has to appoint the Prime Minister and the members of his Cabinet. There have been some confusions about the use of the Royal House name, since usually its used to refer to the Royal Family, but in Terramar, the Royal House and the Royal Family are two different things, but it has been difficult to clarify the situation in order to avoid confusions.
The Monarchy has been the political system that has lasted in the country since its foundation, although there have been attempts to change to a Republic, most of them leaded by the Republican Party of Terramar, that has most of its support in the Federal Province of Repano, but in the past years its members have started the diffusion of the Republican ideals throughout the kingdom.